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Home » Important Places in India » Nalanda Travel Guide

Nalanda Travel Guide

nalandaNalanda is an ancient city which dates back 5th century AD. Nalanda is situated at the distance of 11 km from Rajagir, 90 km from Patna (the capital city of Bihar) and 62 km from Bodhgaya (a world famous Buddhist site). Nalanda is the historical place in the state of Bihar, India. Nalanda was worldwide famous for its University of Buddhist learning. The land of Nalanda was the major learning centre of Buddhism in ancient times. Still Nalanda is famous for ruins internationally famous University of Buddhist learning. The University of Nalanda had the record of being first global university with strength of 2000 teachers and 10000 learners.

The University of Nalanda was founded in the 6th century during the time of Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavira. According to popular belief, both Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavira are considered to be taught here. In the 12thcentury it was smashed by the aggressor Bakhtiar Khilji. Still you can see the ruins of University of Nalanda which are also very popular among tourists. The famous Chinese Scholar and traveler who visited Nalanda and stayed here for several years had mentioned about Nalanda that Nalanda was the perfect place for perfect education.

During tours to Nalanda one can see many historical places in Nalanda and around Nalanda. Some of worth visiting places of tourist interest are the ruins of Nalanda University, Nalanda Archeological Museum, Famous sculptures from the time of Buddha & Mahavira, Huen Tsang Memorial Nalanda University Hall, Surya Mandir (Sun Temple), Nav Nalanda Vihar, Buddha Image in Abhaya Pose, the Sculpture of goddess Tara, Images of Shiva and Parvati, and many temples dedicated to various god and goddess of Hindu. Among these attractions, the ruin of Nalanda University is the most predominant attraction. The ruin of Nalanda University is spread over in the area of 14 hectares. The Nalanda Archaeological Museum contains ancient coins, potteries, stone inscriptions, copper plates, samples of burnt rice of 12 the century. Nav Nalanda Mahavihar institute is also worth visiting site of Nalanda tours.

How to reach Nalanda

By Air:
To arrive in Nalanda, the nearest airport is in Patna, the capital of Bihar, India. Patna is located at the distance of 90 km from Nalanda. Patna is well connected with Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, etc.

By Rail: To arrive in Nalanda the nearest Railway Station is Bakhtiyarpur in the district of Patna, Bihar, India. Bakhtiyarpur is the place where Bakhtiar Khilji took a halt after destroying the Nalanda University. It is at the distance of 38 km from Nalanda. One can also go Nalanda from Gaya Railway Station. Gaya is at the distance of around 65 km from Nalanda.

By Road: The historical place of Nalanda is well-connected by road with the cities like Patna, Gaya, Kolkata, etc.

Nearby Cities
Rajgir - Around 11 km
Gaya - Around 90 km
Bodhgaya - Around 110 km
Patna - Around 90 km

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